Une fois ne compte pas: Nihilisme et sens dans

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Maurice Merleau-Ponty, an existential phenomenologist, was for a time a companion of Sartre. They eagerly began to discover the art of Eastern countries with the hope of finding new ways of expression.... [tags: Music History ] World War I and The Literary Transition Into Modernism - World War I and The Literary Transition Into Modernism World War I was the culmination of many things. Literature, during the Modern Era, developed a sense of alienation and it dealt with the acknowledgement of the individual and one’s consciousness.

A critical bibliography of existentialism (the Paris

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One of the people whom the Muslim philosopher Averroes especially influenced was the great Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon), 1135-1204. As an example, consider two men, one of whom has no memory of his past and the other remembers everything. Simone de Beauvoir's study, The Second Sex, though perhaps flawed by Beauvoir's own body politics, nevertheless served as a groundbreaking book of feminism, that questioned the "othering" of women by western philosophy.

Existentialism in Education: What It Means (Philosophy of

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If you have thought a lot about your beliefs and your reasons for acting as you do, then your conscious and unconscious beliefs may be similar. Harmony, for Marcel, was to be sought through "secondary reflection", a "dialogical" rather than "dialectical" approach to the world, characterized by "wonder and astonishment" and open to the "presence" of other people and of God rather than merely to "information" about them.

The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the

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I am constituted as a “Frenchman” in and through the hostility emanating from that German; I am constituted as a “man” in the resentment of that woman; I am constituted as a “Jew” on the basis of the other's anti-semitism; and so on. Most libertarians turn to John Stuart Mill, but can Mill be reconciled with existentialism? There is also a touch of utopianism, especially within the works of the thinkers associated with phenomenology. The authentic act is one that is in accordance with one's freedom.

The Potential Role of Art in Kierkegaard's Description of

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They make their own moral judgements, even openly disobeying laws that they consider unjust.’ (Rogers, 1980, pp. 350-51) Maslow, A. (1970). For example, the CCS is finding new ways to promote itself in light of our society's current interest in self-awareness, spirituality, mind/body connections, alternative medicine, and women's issues. Following the Second World War, existentialism became a well-known and significant philosophical and cultural movement, mainly through the public prominence of two French writers, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, who wrote best-selling novels, plays and widely read journalism as well as theoretical texts.

Cultures: Conflict-Analysis-Dialogue: Proceedings of the

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Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory". [87] Existentialism says existence precedes essence. Existentialism properly defines a broader philosophy, in which life itself is a choice. Postmodernism, in contrast, doesn't lament the idea of fragmentation,provisionality, or incoherence, but rather celebrates that. On the other hand, Kierkegaard himself realized that the coming of Christ into the world did not constitute the supreme paradox, which would have been reached only if no one had perceived the coming of God. “I meditate on this question,” wrote Kierkegaard, “and my spirit loses its way.” Let us add that the paradox exists only for him who dwells below; for the blessed, that is to say, for those who see the truth, the paradox vanishes.

Business Venture 1: Audio CDs

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Thus my acts are not trivial, but definitive of my very self-hood. Just as the point of Sartre's novel, and the cause of Roquentin's nausea, is the contrast between existence and meaning, so too this character's existence is at odds with the faith that readers can traditionally invest in the hidden stream of meaning that holds a plot together. These psychological states later became much of the practical philosophy called "yoga," which means "yoke" or "union" with God.

Theory of the Motion of the Heavenly Bodies Moving about the

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The Church prelates responded with simplistic "theories" of their own, like their adoption of the " Theory of Catastrophism " and their promotion of " the science of creationism " to account for contradictions between doctrine/Biblical "authority" and the uninterrupted data flow about the physical universe. See also our guide to Andy Warhol's Pop Art of the sixties and seventies. In 1938, he moved permanently to Jerusalem.

Existentialism, Religion, and Death: Thirteen Essays

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Sartre acknowledges that the point of departure is the Cartesian cogito, “I think therefore I am.” But this is so, only because existentialists want a solid base to build their philosophy—one that is not based on “comforting theories full of hope but without foundation.” But contrary to the philosophies of both Kant and Descartes, the existentialist’s idea of “I think…” is to think within the presence of others, to see the other as a condition of one’s own existence. Whereas psychometrics is mainly concerned with individual differences and population structure, mathematical psychology is concerned with modeling of mental and motor processes of the average individual.

Existentialist Ontology and Human Consciousness (Sartre and

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A lot has been said on the possible connections of Heidegger’s philosophy with his political engagements. Even if you aren't really "choosing" not to be an asshole, what's the point of being an asshole? A few artists escaped being closely associated with either the Regionalist or Social Realist camps, including Charles Burchfield and Edward Hopper An American term, Regionalism refers to the work of a number of rural artists, mostly from the Midwest, who came to prominance in the 1930s.